Entity Books

Entity Books publishes under a vast selection of genres but specializes in finding the common structure between artificial intelligence (AI) and biological life, especially as a way of finding the path by which biological life came into existence by looking at the path by which AI is formed. Entity Books also publishes research in the study of UFOs and extraterrestrial life in the Cosmos.

It all started when I found a connection between the golden ratio and AI by way of the the central AI element silicon, Si, and the central doping agents phosphorus, P, and boron, B:

equation 01

Which can be written:

equation 02

And, of the central biological elements to the golden ratio conjugate:

equation 03

leading to the connection between artificial intelligence and the biological:

equation 04

And, can be written:

equation 05

Writing in the arithmetic mean:

equation 06

Which is nice because:

equation 07


equation 08

Where ZnSe is zinc selenide, an intrinsic semiconductor used in AI and Ge is germanium, the other central AI element and, As is arsenic and Ga is gallium, the other two central doping agents

equation 09

A similar thing can be done with Germanium, Ge, and Gallium, Ga, and arsenic, As, this time using CHNOPS (C,H,N,O,P,S) the most abundant biological elements by mass:

equation 10

The factor by which our original equation has near-perfect equality uses H20, CH4, and NH3 water, methane, and ammonia, the primordial precursors to amino acids, the building blocks of biological life:

equation 11

We find there is an equivalence to the precursors of the primordial AI and primordial biological life in that tungsten, W, is the filament of the first crude AI for making switches by housing it in silicon dioxide, SiO2, or glass for vacuum tubes:

equation 12

It is now March 17, 2019 and I guess if the Universe is to be sublime, it should be elegant, exciting and, designed with sublime aesthetics, which is what I have always done in this project, and it has always panned out, that if


has perfection in the precursors of the amino acids as




should have perfection for some aspect of biological components. Since Ga/Ge+As/Ge+1 is approximately three, and Ga/Si+As/Si+1 is approximately 6, it is in other things. One might hazard to guess, since the former is in the amino acids, the latter will be in the sugars and the monomer of the sugars, that are a big part of the biological, ribose, deoxyribose, glyceraldehyde, and formaldehyde used to make glyceraldehyde, ribose, and DNA and RNA, the instructions for biological life. It turns out it is:


Thus, where silicon is associated with the amino acids, germanium is associated with the DNA and RNA.


We talked about the primordial precursors to the amino acids and the precursors to the sugars of RNA and DNA In their connection AI, but what about the amino acids themselves, the building blocks of life?


It becomes important to look at air as a mixture. It is about 25% oxygen gas (O2) and 75% nitrogen gas (N2) by volume, giving it an accepted value of 29.0 grams per mole (eqn 14):




I would like to suggest that the prebiotic chemistry might have been passed through an activation function that disappeared after life was on its way to evolving.

The problem, then, of answering the question of how life began is one of finding the activation function and its mechanism by which it takes prebiotic chemistry and activates it (makes it alive) so it can now self-replicate, and evolve. We assume that as this mechanism activates the molecules, its mechanism depletes as it activates from what is available. In this sense the mechanism is a limiting reactant, so it determines how much material is activated before it depletes completely.

Logically, the way to determine what this mechanism is, and how it serves as an activation function is to look for the by products of the reaction that are left over, and from that, deduce its nature.

To do this, we have to look for that thing in our knowledge of the Earth’s history that does not make sense. This would be in the faint young star paradox. We know that five billion years ago, when the Earth and Sun first formed, that the sun was 0.7 times its present output and so, the Earth should have been frozen over, yet, we know it was not. That it had water in its liquid phase. Thus something was there that is not present today. That something must have been the mechanism for the activation function that “turned on” prebiotic chemistry.


I have presented it like this because 1) Life has not been created in the laboratory from scratch 2) New life does not seem to be originating on earth in present times. Therefore, the activation function is probably not present on Earth today and more than likely disappeared, or depleted after activating prebiotic chemistry. Life exists, yet we do not know how prebiotic substances organize into self-replicating systems that evolve. Therefore, we must look for something concerning the Earth that does not make sense. I suggest that would be the young star paradox. If the Earth had water in its liquid phase when it should have been frozen over, then something could have existed then that was a limiting reactant, or something like it, that activated prebiotic substances, in that it was responsible for warming the earth (perhaps a heat retaining substance). Also, we do not know what dark matter is. Could it be the prebiotic material, x? Or, could it even be responsible for the activation function?





















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